What is the science behind our app?
How we choose the food we eat
No living organism can exist without food. In order to survive we must consume nutrients necessary to maintain our livelihoods.
Our brain is responsible for finding, choosing and regulating our eating behavior, a lot of which occurs on the unconscious level.
Like all primates, a person has an extremely developed sense of vision because it’s the vision that is responsible for choosing food.
When we choose the type of food activates a variety of physiological, emotional and cognitive processes.
When we are in search of food the image of food in our mind activates a variety of physiological, emotional and cognitive processes.
How Our Body Reacts Once We Choose a Food
After we choose a food our body activates a number of processes to aid digestion: we release hormones, increase blood flow in the stomach and intestines, and activate receptors in blood and organs to receive nutrients from our intestines.
Emotional Response To Food We Choose
We also experience an emotional response to the type of food we chose, we subscoinsly ask questions such as: Was I satisfied with this food? Did I feel uncomfortable while eating this food? What was my experience eating this food in the past?
This emotional response contributes to us selecting foods which are the best fit for our overall wellbeing in the future.
We avoid harmful, allergic, or in some case poisonous products. This selection of food is highly personalized, one man’s food could be another man’s poison.
Our skin color changes based on our reaction to food
All the processes described above occur subconsciously in tens of milliseconds from the time we see an image of food.
As we release hormones and go through the processes described above complex interactions between neurons change the intensity of blood flow in our face which in turn changes our skin color in the face as well. Our study on this process was recently published in Open Access Journals: Telemonitoring of Capillary Blood Flow in the Human Skin: New Opportunities and Prospects
Measuring skin color allows us to measure your emotional response to food
Using a smartphone camera we can detect micro-changes in skin color in certain areas of your face and interpret your emotional state.
The interpretation of your emotional state towards specific images of foods allows us to determine your true needs when it comes to these foods as well.
By analyzing the micro changes your skin color in response to images of certain foods our app calculates your individual needs at a specific moment in time and helps you skip foods which do not complement your nutritional wellbeing.
Articles in journals and press about our approach:
- Fedorovich AA, Drapkina OM, Pronko KN, Sinopalnikov VI and Zemskov VM. Telemonitoring of Capillary Blood Flow in the Human Skin: New Opportunities and Prospects.
- Katsuko Takada, Akira Ishii, Takashi Matsuo, Chika Nakamura, Masato Uji, Takahiro Yoshikawa. Neural activity induced by visual food stimuli presented out of awareness: a preliminary magnetoencephalography study. Sci Rep. 2018. 8(1):3119.
- Wallner-Liebmann S., Koschutnig K., Reishofer G., Sorantin E., Blaschitz B., Kruschitz R., Unterrainer H.F., Gasser R., Freytag F., Bauer-Denk C., Mangge H. Insulin and Hippocampus Activation in Response to Images of High-Calorie Food in Normal Weight and Obese Adolescents. Obesity. 2010. 18 (8): 1552–1557.
- Berthoud, H.R., Morrison, C. The brain, appetite, and obesity. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2008. 59, 55–92.
- L.N. Van der Laan, D.T.D. De Ridder, M.A.Viergever, P.A. Smeets The first taste is always with the eyes: A meta-analysis on the neural correlates of processing visual food cues. NeuroImage. 2011. 55: 296-303.
- Tamietto M. et al. Unseen facial and bodily expressions trigger fast emotional reactions. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA. 2009. 106: 17661–17666.
- Scharmuller, W., Ubel, S., Ebner, F. & Schienle, A. Appetite regulation during food cue exposure: a comparison of normal-weight and obese women. Neurosci Lett. 2012. 518: 106–110.